2007 Census of Population Results

Population increased to 1,660,714 persons

 The total population of Manila, as of August 1, 2007, was 1,660,714 persons. This represents an increase of 79,632 persons over the total population of 1,581,082 persons in 2000. This increase translated to an annual population growth rate (PGR) of 0.68 percent for the period 2000 to 2007, higher than the PGR of -0.97 percent recorded during the period 1995 to 2000.

Average household size was 4.3 persons. The number of households rose to 382,183 in 2007, or an increase of 48,636 households from the 2000 figure. Likewise, household population increased from 1,569,584 persons in 2000 to 1,650,712 persons in 2007. The average household size in 2007 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.7 persons in 2000.



 Tondo was the largest districts in terms of population size. Among the 14 districts of Manila, Tondo had the largest population with 38.0 percent share. This was followed by the districts of Sampaloc (21.3 percent), Santa Ana (10.8 percent), and Santa Cruz (7.2 percent). The least populated was the district of Intramuros with 0.3 percent share to the total population.

Sex ratio was 96 males per 100 females. Of the 1,650,712 household population of Manila, there were 810,565 males and 840,147 females, resulting to a sex ratio of 96 males for every 100 females. This is higher than the sex ratio of 95 males per 100 females in 2000.

Median age remained at 24 years. In 2007, the household population of Manila had a median age of 24 years, which implies that half of the household population were below 24 years old. In 2000, the median age was also 24 years. Household population aged 20 to 24 years comprised the largest age group (11.0 percent). This was followed by age group 0 to 4 years and 15 to 19 years with 10.4 percent each, and age group 25 to 29 years (10.3percent).



Females outnumbered males in most age groups, except for 0 to 14 years and 30 to 39 years. Proportion of females of voting age was higher than males About 65 percent of the household population in Manila belonged to the voting-age population (18 years old and over), the proportion of which was higher among females (51.9 percent) compared to that of males (48.1 percent). The proportion of voting-age population in 2007 was slightly higher than the proportion of voting-age population (64.1 percent) recorded in 2000.

Overall dependency ratio dropped to 49 dependents per 100 working-age population The proportion of household population in the working age group (15 to 64 years) was 67.1 percent, young dependents (0 to14 years) comprised 29.4 percent, and old dependents (65 years and over)  accounted for 3.5 percent.

The overall dependency ratio in 2007 was 49, which means that for every 100 persons in the working age group, there were about 49 dependents (44 young dependents and 5 old dependents). In 2000, there were about 51 dependents (46 young dependents and 5 old dependents) for every 100 persons in the working age group.

Never-married persons comprised more of males than females About 46 percent of the household population 10 years old and over in 2007 were never married while 39.2 percent were married. The rest were either widowed, divorced/separated, in common law/live-in marital arrangement, or had unknown marital status.

There were more males than females among nevermarried persons (50.8 percent versus 49.2 percent). Females outnumbered the males in the rest of the categories for marital status.

More females had attained higher levels of education Of the household population five years old and over, 21.6 percent had attended or finished elementary education and 36.9 percent had reached or completed high school, 14.5 percent were college undergraduates, and 15.7 percent were academic degree holders.

There were more females than males among those who had attained higher levels of education. Females comprised 54.5 percent of those with academic degrees and 56.1 percent of those with post baccalaureate courses.

Among the household population 5 to 24 years old, 62.6 percent had attended school at anytime during School Year 2007 to 2008. Of the total males aged 5 to 24 years, 64.1 percent had attended school at anytime during the said school year. Attendance for females was 61.1 percent of the total females age 5 to 24 years.

Number of occupied housing units increased by about 16 percent From a total of 305,104 occupied housing units in 2000, the number of occupied housing units reached 354,687 in 2007, showing an increase of 16.3 percent. In 2007, a ratio of 108 households for every 100 occupied housing units was recorded, while in 2000, the ratio was 109 households per 100 occupied housing units. The ratio of persons per occupied housing unit was 4.7 in 2007, lower than the ratio of 5.1 in 2000.

Strong materials for roofs and outer walls of occupied housing units improved Nearly two in five (38.5 percent) of the 354,687 occupied housing units had outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood, while more than one in three (35.2 percent) had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone. As to construction materials of the roofs, majority (83.6 percent) of the occupied housing units had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. Occupied housing units with roofs made of half galvanized iron and half concrete comprised 6.4 percent.




Growth rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given period due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population
Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food
Institutional population - the population enumerated in institutional living quarters or institutions such as jails/prisons, military camps, convents/seminaries, mental hospitals, leprosaria, and the like
Total population - the sum of household population and institutional population
Average household size - the average number of persons who live in the household, computed as the household population in a given area divided by the corresponding total number of households in that area
Sex ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population, expressed as the number of males per 100 females
Median age -
the age at which exactly half of the population are younger than this age and the other half are older than it
Overall dependency ratio -
the ratio of persons in the dependent ages (under 15 years old and over 64 years old) to persons in the working ages (15 to 64 years old)

The 2007 Census of Population (POPCEN 2007) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in August 2007 as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591. It was the 12th census of population that was undertaken since the first census in 1903.

POPCEN 2007 was designed to take an inventory of the total population all over the Philippines and collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the POPCEN 2007 was August 1, 2007 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on August 1, 2007 and lasted for about 30 days.


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